Types of poetry
Below are a few types of poem. How many have you heard of?
The haiku (or hokku) is an ancient form of Japanese poetry which consists of just three lines (tercet); the first and third lines have five syllables, whereas the second has seven. Haikus don’t have to rhyme and are usually written to evoke a particular mood or instance. So, you can have a lot of fun with them!
This is a very old form of poetry was made famous by none other than William Shakespeare, but the sonnet actually originated in 13thcentury Italy where it was perfected by the poet Petrarch. The word ‘sonnet’ means ‘little song’. Traditionally, sonnets are made up of 14 lines and usually deal with love.
Like haikus, you’re likely to encounter acrostic poems at school! But that doesn’t mean they’re boring – in fact, far from it! This type of poetry spells out a name, word, phrase or message with the first letter of each line of the poem. It can rhyme or not, and typically the word spelt out, lays down the theme of the poem. Why not try it with the silliest word you can think of – it can be really fun!
Limericks are funny poems which were made popular by Edward Lear in the 19th century. They have a set rhyme scheme with lines one, two and five all being longer in length than lines three and four. The last line is often the punchline. Their sound is very distinctive, it’s likely you’ve heard or read one before!
Today's poem is about a butterfly. I've seen lots of butterflies in my garden lately - have you?
What type of poem do you think it is?