Scroll to content
St Johns C of E Primary School home page

Interactive Bar


Get In Touch




We  teach phonics using letters and sounds. 


Put simply a phoneme is a sound -  Each one of the 26 letters in the alphabet has its own ‘sound' or phoneme.  

This is very different to how a letter is ‘said' in the alphabet.

For example:

              ‘a' in ‘arrow’ 'b' in 'bat'


Click here to hear how the letters 'sound'. 



Of course phonics is not that simple! There are more than 26 sounds in English language, in fact there are 44 sounds in total. Some of these sounds are made up of 2 or 3 letters. 2 letter sounds are called digraphs and three letter sounds are called trigraphs.


The phonics codebreaker

Phoneme - a sound as it is said

Grapheme - a sound that is written

Digraph- two letters that work together to make the same sound

Trigraph - Three letters that work together to make the same sound

Split digraph - Two letters that work together to make the same sound, separated by another letter

Phonic Phases

We group the sounds to be taught into phases. 

Here are links to videos of each phase to help you know which sounds we are learning. 


                                                                   Phase 2                       Phase 3




To enable your child to read they need  to recognise lots of sounds however they also need to be able to blend those sounds together. 


Even before they recognise lots of sounds you can practise blending. 

E.G Can you get your c - oa - t


This oral skill is incredibly important as recognising and blending sounds has to come together so they can crack the code and read new words for themselves. 


Once children can orally blend they will begin to combine this skill with the recognition of which phoneme the letters make and begin to blend to read. They need the oral skill first.


Watch the video below to see some oral blending.


Oral blending

Still image for this video


This Youtube page was designed during lockdown for parents to continue children's phonics work at home.

Have a watch of one of the reception lessons.

We plan and deliver our lessons in a similar way.